What is a rate and term refinance?
Homeowners have several options when it comes to a mortgage refinance:
- A "cash-in" refinance: they bring cash to the settlement to reduce the size of the principal remaining on their home loan
- A "cash-out" refinance: they take some of the equity out of their home and therefore increase the size of the principal remaining on their home loan
- A "rate-and-term" refinance: they simply adjust the interest rate and term of the mortgage while maintaining the original remaining principal amount. Instead of shrinking or enlarging the balance of the mortgage, this option leaves it unchanged.
Rate and term refinance
Homeowners have a variety of reasons for refinancing and each reason can indicate that one refinance option or another makes the most sense. Before choosing a new home loan, think about your goals for refinancing. If you want to pay off your loan faster, see if you can afford the payments on a shorter-term loan. If you are focused on reducing your monthly mortgage payments, a lower rate or a longer mortgage term might be a better choice, so check out today's mortgage rates and use a mortgage calculator to estimate your savings.
A rate-and-term refinance works best for borrowers who want to take advantage of lower interest rates to reduce their payments or to reduce the overall amount of interest they will pay on their mortgage. This type of refinance is also valuable for homeowners who want to completely pay off their mortgage before a certain date, such as retirement or when their children go to college.
Just remember to calculate the closing costs when evaluating your refinance. Borrowers have several options for paying closing costs, such as wrapping them into the principal balance of the loan, paying them in cash or paying a higher interest rate to cover the costs. HSH’s Tri-Refi Calculator can help you see how those options will work out for you.
Michele Lerner contributed to this answer
More help from HSH.com
The salary you must earn to buy a home in 27 metrosHere’s how much salary you would need to earn in order to afford the median-priced home in your metro area.
Can I separate tax and insurance payments from my mortgage payment?It may or may not be possible for you to take on the responsibility
HSH.com on the latest move by the Federal ReserveThe Federal Reserve concluded a meeting today with no change to the federal funds rate and no changes to other monetary policy tools.
Advantages of a FHA mortgage in 2017FHA loans became more affordable in 2016, thanks to a drop in the annual mortgage insurance premium that the Federal Housing Administration charges. More cost reductions may be on the way in 2017, too.
Streamline Refinance Program to Replace HARPThe HARP refinance program for troubled or underwater homeowners will come to an end in 2017, but a new streamline refinance program will takes its place.