dcsimg
We research, you save.
Got Questions On Rates? (855) 610-2972

How to divorce your mortgage

A house is often a major point a contention when a married couple decides to divorce. But whereas spouses once fought mainly over who would own the house (the name on the title), some experts say arguments today are more likely to zero in on who will be responsible for the mortgage (the person who actually pays it).

"We see more and more nowadays that if the mortgage exceeds the value of the property, neither spouse wants that obligation," says Carl Palatnik, a principal at the Center for Divorce and Finance, a financial planning firm in Melville, N.Y. "It's a very difficult issue."

Refinancing is less risky

If you're keeping the house, the best way to deal with the mortgage is usually for one spouse to refinance, Palatnik says.

"Maintaining that mortgage post-divorce is something to be avoided," he warns, "because you're financially connected to someone you don't like or don't get along with, and there are risks associated with that."

The biggest risk is that the lender will continue to consider both spouses jointly and individually responsible for the payments. That means a late or missed payment will affect both spouses' credit, regardless of any agreement between them to the contrary.

"It's virtually impossible for one spouse to take over the mortgage and take the other person's name off," Palatnik explains. "The lender has a better shot at collecting if both parties are on the hook for that money."

Another risk is that the spouse who moves out might not be able to purchase another residence. That's because the existing mortgage will "overhang that whole process and complicate the loan application," says Lili Vasileff, president of Divorce and Money Matters, a financial counseling firm in Greenwich, Conn.

But Vasileff also says refinancing can create a risk if one spouse lives in the house and the other refinances the mortgage.

"If they miss the payment, you're in trouble because the lender, by law, is not obligated to talk with you. That's a big danger," she says.

New loan can be challenging

The goal of refinancing is complicated by the current lending climate, since a spouse who's willing to refinance might not be able to do so. Poor credit, inadequate income and negative equity are examples of issues that can make refinancing difficult or impossible.

Possible solutions might include:

  • Shopping around for a more flexible loan product
  • The federal government's Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP), which allows homeowners to refinance with negative equity
  • A co-signer
  • A one-year waiting period during which alimony payments can be documented for income qualification purposes

Co-signing a loan is rarely advantageous for the co-signer, yet sometimes it's an appealing option. For instance, Vasileff cites one couple who were going through a divorce while one spouse was unemployed and the other was caring for the couple's young children.

"They are at risk of losing the house, so the wife's parent has co-signed their mortgage so they can keep it," she says. "It's a tough situation."

Spouses also should address the cost of refinancing, which can amount to several thousand dollars, Vasileff notes.

Selling might be smarter

The initial decision to keep the house involves two very different decision trees: one is emotional, the other is financial.

"The financial one may be black-and-white," Vasileff says, "and yet it's the emotional one that tangles it up."

To make the decision, spouses should try to focus on facts rather than feelings. Vasileff says spouses should obtain credit reports and current mortgage statements and analyze their house-related expenses relative to their income. That will help them figure out whether it's financially feasible for one spouse individually or both spouses living separately to continue to own that home.

For many couples, keeping a once-shared house post-divorce involves major financial sacrifices.

"However they've been spending in the past has to be compromised to support the house," she says.

If refinancing isn't an option and the risks of keeping the mortgage aren't acceptable, selling the house might be the best move. If the loan is underwater, a cash payment or the lender's approval of a short sale will be required for a sale to close.

Related articles :

More help from HSH.com

  • What you should never buy with home equity

    Here are four things you should never buy with home equity.
  • 8 common refinance mistakes

    Don't ruin your chances at refinancing by making one of these common mistakes.
  • HSH.com on the latest move by the Federal Reserve

    The Federal Reserve concluded a meeting today with no change to the federal funds rate and no changes to other monetary policy tools.
  • Mortgage Rates Radar 07/26/2016: Mortgage rates tick higher again this week

    HSH.com releases its latest Weekly Mortgage Rates Radar showing a third small uptick in mortgage rates during the seven-day period ending July 26, as markets wait for data to further assess the repercussions of last month's "Brexit" vote. The Weekly Mortgage Rates Radar reports the average rates and points offered by lenders for the two most popular types of mortgages, the conforming 30-year fixed-rate mortgage and the conforming 5/1 adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM).
  • Mortgage Rates Radar 07/19/2016: Mortgage rates firm slightly

    HSH.com releases its latest Weekly Mortgage Rates Radar revealing a slight increase in popular mortgage rates during the seven-day period ending July 19, as warmer economic data and more-stable financial markets have formed as the tumult of the Brexit vote falls away. The Weekly Mortgage Rates Radar reports the average rates and points offered by lenders for the two most popular types of mortgages, the conforming 30-year fixed-rate mortgage and the conforming 5/1 adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM).